Sanding & Polishing

Sanding and Polishing / Coating Procedure

  • Inspect floor area to be sanded
  • Punch nail holes where necessary
  • Rough sand floor to ensure it is as level as possible
  • Sand of to a fine finish as even as possible
  • Fill nail holes & knots with the closest matching putty
  • Fine sand the floor to ensure smoothness of the grain & putty fillings
  • Vacuum the entire are to remove all dust & dirt
  • Apply the first coat of polyurethane drying time is approximately thirty minutes. Inspect the floor for the quality of putty filling and other flaws in the finish, then apply the second coating.
  • After twenty four hours after light sanding, including edges & vacuuming apply the third coating.
  The Floors Takes 48 hours to dry and it must not be walked on during this period. No furniture must be placed on the newly finished floor for 72 hours.


The quality of the final finish depends on the preparation and environment on which the sanding and coating is carried out and the natural imperfections occurring in the timber.


  • Removal of deep cuts eg. from carpet trimming knives or deep gouges in the boards
  • Removal of stains such as urine and water marks within the boards and around the nail holes
  • A dust free finish as there will always be some dust particles in the air, which may settle on the wet coating
  • Filling up gaps between the boards. These gaps are not filled because subsequent shrinkage and expansion in the timber will cause cracking in the filler and possible damage to floor boards.
  • Do not expect boards damaged by borers to have the same gloss level as boards in good condition.
  • Do not expect boards filled with putty, including nail holes to have the same look or feel as the coated timber.


  • Some markings on the skirting boards from contact with the Edger and/or Polyurethane.
  • Down lights and large window areas will show circular or what is known as a webbing effect through the polyurethane coatings.
  • Some variation in the colour and grain between old and new boards.
  • Stain or black japanning around the perimeter of some older timber may produce a two tone effect on the floor.
  • Please note that Polyurethane and Tung Oil coatings have a smell when wet and therefore all foodstuffs, fabric, leather and other ‘porous’ materials must be removed from close proximity of floors being sanded and polished. All the vapours are to be ventilated and aired before returning to live in the house approximately 72 hours.


  • When placing furniture on the floor, a piece of felt should be used on all legs of movable furniture to avoid scratches on the floor.
  • Vacuum and sweep the floor with a soft brush to remove any abrasive grit.


Ensure all building and finishing is completed prior to the Floor Sanding and Coating takes place. Painting can be carried out before or after Sanding takes place with the exception of the final coat on the skirting boards in the rooms being sanded and coated. Allow the floor to dry before laying any carpets.  Ensure no silicon based products come into contact with the floor during the sanding and coating process.  Products such as Fabulon, hair spray, fly spray, etc. are silicon based and are not to be used near the floor surface, as they will cause rejection with the subsequent coats of Polyurethane.


Our specialist quotes each Sanding and Coating request individually.  This procedure is carried out on the premises where the Floor Sanding and Coating is to be undertaken.  Our representative will examine the floor and discuss with you your requirements and the final finish of the floor. The variation includes:
  • The floor type and grain expectations
  • Nail holes and deep scratches
  • Stains that cannot be removed from the floor
  • Filling needs
  • Duration of the job procedure
Trained Floor specialists carry out all work, using modern equipment and top quality finishing products.


The owner should:
  • Clear the floor to be Sanded at all times
  • Make available 240 volt power (min 15 AMP) and adequate lighting
  • Turn off all heating & air-conditioning units. Make sure they are not used during the entire job and for 48 hours after the final coat.
Kindly telephone our office for any further information that may be required prior to accepting our quotation or after the work which may have been carried out.

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